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Menstruation challenges in India – 2021

A girl sitting in bed suffering from periods cramp.

Ever wondered what really happens during menstruation, when girls enter puberty and have their period?

Maybe you’ve wanted to talk to your mom, sister, or dad about it. But each time you said the word “menstruation,” you stuttered, stammered, and could barely pronounce it.
It’s OK. Everyone is timid when talking about bodily functions, especially one as mysterious as the menstrual period. Perhaps this article that we have decided to write can answer some of your questions about this normal time in every girl’s life.

Other sufferings:

Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have
  • Abdominal or pelvic cramping or pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Bloating and sore breasts
  • Food cravings
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Headache and fatigue
Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a group of symptoms that start before the period. It can include emotional and physical symptoms.
Consult your health care provider if you have big changes in your cycle. They may be signs of other problems that should be treated.
Some essential questions that may be in the mind of readers have been addressed below. They shall cover most of the postulates of menstruation with them.


Girl holding a calendar of menstruation cycle
Menstruation, or period, is normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of a woman’s monthly cycle. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus. It passes out of the body through the vagina.
Periods usually start between age 11 and 14 and continue until menopause(the lifelong stoppage of periods) at about age 51. Though in Indian women the average age noted for the stop of menstruation is 46.2 years. They usually last from three to five days.

Q.1. At what age does Menstruation stops?

Girl irritation for menstruationThe average age of menopause of an Indian woman is 46.2 years much less than their Western counterparts (51 years). A definite rural and urban division can also be seen as far the age of stoppage is concerned. There is also a correlation between the age of menopause and social and economic status, married status, and parity status. Hence, it is fair to say that apart from the average age of stoppage other external factors have an effect on women too.

Q.2. Which hormone triggers Menstruation?

The menstrual cycle is regulated by hormones. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone, which are produced by the pituitary gland, promote ovulation and stimulate the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen and progesterone stimulate the uterus and breasts to prepare for possible fertilization.

Q.3. Which is the ovulation day after menstruation?

Ovulation typically happens around day 14 of a 28-day menstrual cycle. However, not everyone has a textbook 28-day cycle, so the exact timing can vary.
In general, ovulation occurs four days before or four days after your cycle’s midpoint.

Q.4. During menstruation which hormone is high?

The ruptured follicle closes after releasing the egg and forms a corpus luteum, which produces progesterone. During most of this phase, the estrogen level is high. Progesterone and estrogen cause the lining of the uterus to thicken more, to prepare for possible fertilization.

Q.5. How does the menstrual cycle work?

In each cycle, rising levels of the hormone oestrogen cause the ovary to develop and release an egg (ovulation). The womb lining also starts to thicken. In the second half of the cycle, the hormone progesterone helps the womb to prepare for the implantation of a developing embryo. The egg travels down the fallopian tubes.

Q.6. How do menstruation cups work?

A person holding a menstruation cupThe small, flexible cup is made of silicone or latex rubber. Instead of absorbing your flow, like a tampon or pad, it catches and collects it. Just before your period begins, tightly fold the menstrual cup and insert it like a tampon without an applicator. Used correctly, you shouldn’t feel it. Your cup will spring open (you may need to rotate it first) and rest against the walls of your vagina. It forms a seal to prevent leaks. The blood then simply drips into the cup. Some types are disposable, but most are reusable. To remove it, you pull the stem sticking out the bottom and pinch the base to release the seal. Then you just empty, wash with soap and water, and replace. At the end of your cycle, you can sterilize your cup in boiling water.

Q.7. How does menstruation occur?

Menstruation occurs in cycles. The ovaries prepare an egg (oocyte) for release and the womb (uterus) prepares a lining to nourish the egg if it is fertilised. When the egg is not fertilised, the lining of the womb is shed through the vagina and a woman gets her period (menstrual bleeding).

Q.8. When does menstruation start after delivery?

Your period will typically return about six to eight weeks after you give birth if you aren’t breastfeeding. If you do breastfeed, the timing for a period to return can vary. Those who practice exclusive breastfeeding might not have a period the entire time they breastfeed.

Q.9. When does the menstrual cycle stop?

Your period can last between 3 and 8 days, but it will usually last for about 5 days. The bleeding tends to be heaviest in the first 2 days. When your period is at its heaviest, the blood will be red. On lighter days, it may be pink, brown or black.

Q.10. When does menstruation end in middle-aged individuals?

Because there’s no “normal” when it comes to your menstrual cycle, some women might actually experience more periods as they approach middle age while for many the frequency goes down. In some cases, estrogen and progesterone surges during the menstrual cycle become shorter and higher. That means your periods could come closer together. Overall the periods do get a bit irregular as compared to the pattern that they had during the youth of a woman.

Q.11. When do women start with their period?

Most girls start their periods when they’re about 12, but they can start as early as 8, so it’s important to talk to girls from an early age to make sure they’re prepared before the big day. Many parents feel awkward talking about periods, especially with pre-teen girls, who can seem to get easily embarrassed. Hence, communication with one’s daughter about menstruation is essential.

Q.12. Can menstruation affect white blood cell count?

No, menstruation never affects white blood cell count. In fact, your white blood cell count, however, has nothing to do with your period.
Menstrual blood is predominantly made out of blood, old parts of uterine tissue, cells from the bodily fluid coating of the vagina and microscopic organisms making up the vaginal greenery. The thickness of the uterus will likewise affect the substance of menstrual blood.


Q.13. Can menstruation occur during pregnancy?

The short answer is no. Despite all of the claims out there, it isn’t possible to have a period while you’re pregnant. Rather, you might experience “spotting” during early pregnancy, which is usually light pink or dark brown in colour.

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